TEXT 8. Read and translate. Give a summary of this life story.
Steve Jobs: Apple’s Creative Genius
Steve Jobs was born on the 24th of February, 1955, in San Francisco, California, and was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs.
In 1961, the family moved to Mountain View, California. This area was becoming a centre of electronics, and soon people started to call it “Silicon Valley”. (This is because silicon is used to make all sorts of electronic parts.)
As a child, Steve Jobs spent a lot of time in the garage workshop of a neighbour who worked at Hewlett-Packard, an electronics company. He then joined the Hewlett-Packard Explorer Club where he saw his first computer at the age of twelve. He was very impressed, and knew right away that he wanted to work with computers.
After graduating from high school in 1972, Steve Jobs went to Reed College in Portland, Oregon. In 1974, he dropped out of college to work as a video game designer. His dream was to save enough money to go to India and study Buddhism.
He came back to the US a Buddhist with his head shaved and dressed in traditional Indian clothes. He even wanted to become a monk in a Buddhist monastery, but went into business instead.
In 1976, Steve Jobs and his school friend Stephen Wozniak founded a small computer company and called it «Apple». At that time almost all computers were so large that one could fill a room. They were also very expensive and only few people could afford to buy them.
The two friends started working on their first personal computer. When The Apple II was produced in 1977, it was an instant success.
Seven years later, Apple introduced the Macintosh computer. It was the world’s first small computer. It was also very easy to use. However, the sales of the first Macs weren’t very good. This led to tensions in the company, and in 1985 Jobs resigned. But this was not the end of Steve Jobs.
In 1986, Jobs bought a small company called Pixar which specialized in computer animation. Over the following ten years he built Pixar into a large corporation. One of the most successful of Steve’s projects was Toy Story, the first full-length film to be completely computer-animated.
In the late 1990s, Apple had very serious financial problems. They asked Jobs to come back. He agreed, and quickly organized a clever advertising campaign that urged customers to «think different» and buy Macintoshes.
In the past 10 years, Steve Jobs changed Apple from a small computer company to a gadget superpower. It’s now one of the richest companies in the world.
Steve Jobs died on the 5th of October, 2011.
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